Turquoise: The Stone of Friendship and Spirituality
Turquoise is a hydrated phosphate of copper and aluminium, a combination which creates the beautiful bright blue/green hues characteristic of the stone.
It is formed when copper rich solutions percolate into pre-existing rocks. The water content evaporates, the copper combines with aluminium and phosphorous to form Turquoise. Often a patchwork of the original host rock remains within the Turquoise, providing a uniqueness to each stone. It was believed that the blue and brown within the gemstone symbolised the unity of the earth and sky.
Found mainly in arid areas such as Mexico, Southern U.S.A. and Iran, as the dry, hot climate assists in its formation. The U.S. state of Nevada boasts at least 20 different varieties.
The name Turquoise originated from the 13th century when it was introduced to Europe by Venetian merchants, who called it "pierre turquois" or Turkis stone to suggest its origin. Most of the major ancient civilizations believed Turquoise to have potent healing and spiritual powers. It was also used as an amulet for protection especially by the peoples of the Americas. It was attached to arrows , horse saddles and other artefacts to assist with protection.
Called “The Breath of Life” by the indigenous American cultures, reminding humans of their Spitituality. Said to attract good luck and friendships, instill calm and alleviate depression.
It is the birthstone for Sagittarius and Aquarius.