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Gemstone Guide

For centuries, people all around the world have attributed gemstones with metaphysical properties to help with emotional, spiritual and health issues. It is believed that each stone emits a certain energy which can be beneficial to the wearer and enhance different elements of life. Remember each stone is completely unique and varying in pattern and colour but may find its way to assist you over time.

Agate

Agate is a banded chalcedony, found in nodules or geodes in volcanic rocks. Agate can be found in a variety of colours and some have fern like patterns in them formed due to the presence of manganese and iron oxides. Its name comes from the Achates River in Sicily, where Agates were first found. Agate was known to many cultures. The Sumerians and the Egyptians both used the gem for decoration and for playing important parts in their religious ceremonies. The Greeks used it for making jewellery and beads. It has been used to make ornaments such as pins, brooches or other types of jewellery, paper knives, inkstands, marbles and seals. It is a popular talisman for protection, good fortune, and good health, and can promote inner stability, composure, and maturity.

Agate

 

Amber
Amber is often called 'The Gold of the North' - formed over 50 million years ago. Amber is the solidified resin from ancient pine trees. Many of these pine forests died, became covered by sediments and submerged by the Baltic sea. The heat and pressure of the overlying sediment transformed the resin into Amber. Some amber pieces have inclusions of plants or insects, which were trapped in the sticky resin and subsequently fossilised. Sometimes Amber may be washed up on the coast from deposits under the sea. It is also mined in areas far from the sea, indicating that those areas were submerged at some point in geological history. The colour varies from pale yellow, to a golden colour, to a rare deep blue or black. It has been used for millennia as a decorative stone – both in jewellery and to decorate other objects. The oldest Amber dates back to the Carboniferous period, 320 million years ago. Amber formed 150 million years ago in the Cretaceous often has insect inclusions, as the inclusions were trapped in the pine resin. Amber occurs in a range of hues from a pale yellowy white, to the most common golden or cognac colour to a red, black or rarely blue colour.
The Amber used by Outrage jewellers originates in the Baltic, but it can also be found in small amount in the Caribbean. Amber is frequently used in pieces of jewellery and to decorate utensils and furniture. Ancient people believed the sun’s rays were trapped in Amber and that it helps with absent-mindedness and headaches. It can also revitalise the mind, body and soul to help relieve emotional and physical wounds.
Amber

Amethyst
The chemical composition of Amethyst is SiO2 – it is a variety of quartz.
The best varieties are found in Siberia, Sri Lanka and Brazil. The colour is due to traces of iron. The Ancient Greek believed it could prevent intoxication, while medieval soldiers wore amethyst amulets as protection in battle. Amethyst is often found inside Geode, which are spherical masses of minerals with an empty chamber inside. They need to be opened to reveal the crystal structures inside. Aid creativity and protects against blood disorders. It is the birthstone for Aquarius, Pisces and Sagittarius.
Amethyst

Aquamarine
Aquamarine is a blue or cyan variety of beryl. It's name comes from the Latin 'aqua marina', meaning 'Water of the Sea'. Some stories associate aquamarine with mermaids. In some tales the stone is a treasure for the maidens; in other stories the mermaid's tails either create or are made of aquamarine. People once believed this gemstone came from the tears of mermaids, and this is where the ever popular thought of the power to protect sailors when they were at sea, or when they fell into the water came from. There is much evidence to show that through the ages, sailors of many cultures and time periods wore aquamarine or slept with it under their pillow for protection. The ancient Romans believed that Neptune, God of the sea, had a special affiliation with aquamarine; according to legend, Neptune obtained the stone when it fell out of a siren's jewel box and washed up on shore.

Aquamarine

Aventurine
The most common colour of aventurine is green, but it may also be orange, brown, yellow, blue, or gray. Its name is derived from the Italian a ventura or all’avventura, meaning “by chance,” and refers to the Italian glass from the 1700s, produced when a worker accidentally dropped metal filings into a vat of melting glass. Once cooled, the result was pleasing with its randomly spaced iridescent sparkles, and it was used to make jewellery and other items. The name Aventurine was later given to the natural stone which looked like the industrial product. Green Aventurine is known as the “Stone of Opportunity,” thought to be the luckiest of all crystals, especially in manifesting prosperity and wealth, or for increasing favour in competitions or games of chance.
Aventurine

Bloodstone
Bloodstone, also known as heliotrope, is a variety of jasper or chalcedony. The “classic” bloodstone is green jasper with red inclusions of haematite. The red inclusions are supposed to resemble spots of blood; hence the name “bloodstone”. The name “heliotrope” derives from various ancient notions about the manner in which the mineral reflects light. Bloodstones were believed to be a magical stone in ancient times. Ancient warriors carried with them bloodstone amulets to stop the bleeding whenever they had wounds. The Babylonians and the Egyptians, believed bloodstone could help them to magically defeat their enemies by increasing their own personal strength. It was also thought to help turn you invisible. As the name suggests, this stone is good for blood purification and detoxification and can also strengthen mental vitality.

Bloodstone

Blue John
Blue John is a semi-precious mineral, a form of fluorite with bands of a purple-blue or yellowish colour. The most common explanation for the name is that it derives from the French bleu-jaune, meaning 'blue-yellow'. The story goes that Blue John was exported to France where it was used by ormolu workers during the reign of Louis XVI. However, there is no archival record of any Blue John being exported to France, and the early ormolu ornaments which use Blue John were being manufactured by Matthew Boulton of Birmingham in the 1760s. An alternative origin of the name derives from an old miners' name for the zinc ore sphalerite which they called "Black Jack". Thus the unique blue stone mined in these caverns could easily have become known as "Blue John". Another derivation comes from the Cornish miners who began working the Derbyshire lead mines in the 1740s. The name Blue John is used for several rocks in Cornwall, including fluorspars, and derives from the Cornish language word bleujenn, in Old Cornish blodon, a flower, bloom or blossom. It is said to aid personal development and brings peace and wisdom to the wearer.
Blue John

Carnelian
Carnelian is an orange-coloured variety of chalcedony, a mineral of the quartz family. Its colour varies from pale pinkish-orange to a deep rusty brown, though it is most known for its brilliant orange and red-orange crystals. Although now the more common term, “carnelian” is a 16th-century corruption of the 14th-century word “cornelian”. Cornelian comes from the Latin word cornum, the cornel cherry, whose translucent red fruits resemble the stone. Carnelian was believed to help timid speakers become both eloquent and bold and ancient warriors wore carnelian around their neck for courage and physical power to conquer their enemies. The Egyptians believed that carnelian had special powers in the afterlife. They also believed that carnelian amulets would help the passage of the soul into the next world. This is the reason why numerous types of carnelian jewellery have been found in Egyptian tombs. It stimulates courage, self-confidence, and ambition.
Carnelian

Charoite
Charoite is a rare silicate mineral, named for the Chara River in eastern Siberia, the only place it is found. Charoite is translucent lavender to purple in colour with a pearly lustre. It has an unusual swirling, fibrous appearance, and that, along with its intense colour, can lead many to believe at first that it is synthetic or enhanced artificially. It's considered to be a relatively new gemstone, as it was not introduced on a commercial level until 1978, despite its actual discovery first being made sometime during the 1940s It is believed to be the stone of transformation through bringing new possibilities, releasing negative energy and relieving insomnia.

Charoite

Citrine
This is a form of crystalline quartz with a hardness of 7 on the Moh's scale. Wearing Citrine can raise self-esteem, bring greater control over emotions and help with relationships.

Citrine

Crystal Quartz
Quartz is silicon dioxide. The name crystal comes from the Greek 'ice', as this is what the stone resembles. It assists the wearer by promoting intuitive power.

Diamond
The name Diamond comes from the Greek word adámas which means "unbreakable", a very apt name due to it being the hardest natural gemstone ever found. The ancient Romans and Greeks had a lot of powerful beliefs about diamonds, including ideas that diamonds were the tears of the gods or possibly even splinters that had broken off of falling stars. It was long believed that diamonds were the magical ingredients on the tips of Cupids arrows, making anyone struck by them fall in love. The Romans wore diamonds because these were thought to possess broad magical powers over lifes troubles, being able in particular to give to the wearer strength, invincibility, bravery, and courage during battle. It was believed that diamonds possessed God-given magical qualities and superpowers far beyond the understanding of ordinary humans. Due to the popularity of this belief, many people would avoid fighting others who wore diamonds. The diamond, originally thought to have exceptional healing abilities, and even though diamonds were worn as a talisman against poisoning, diamond powder administered internally, was however a legendary poison. The tradition of giving a diamond engagement ring is traced back to 1477, when Archduke Maximilian of Austria presented Mary of Burgundy with a simple gold band set with a diamond. He placed it on the third finger of her left hand, believing it contained a vein that coursed directly to his beloveds heart. Over time, this royal tradition gained popularity around the world. To this day, a Diamond is still the most popular stone to be found on an engagement ring.

Diamond

Emerald
This is a precious silicate stone containing aluminium and beryllium. Emeralds are thought to improve intellect, memory, and promotes eloquence. It encourages financial success in the wearer. 

Emerald

Epidote
Epidote is a silicate mineral, containing calcium and aluminium. This stone can strengthen well-being, stamina and energy.

Epidote

Garnet
Garnets are a group of differently coloured minerals having a similar chemical composition. Pyrope Garnet contains magnesium and its colour ranges from orange to a purple-red. Demantoid Garnet contains calcium and iron and its colour is a deep green. The actual name is derived from the Latin for 'grain' because of the rounded garnet crystals. This stone protects against depression and promotes self-confidence. It is also known to aid lovers through sexual drive and passion.
Garnet

Goldstone
A synthetic stone created in Italy by monks practising alchemy. It is reputed to have healing properties due to its copper and gold content. It is believed enhance dreams and the will to do good.

Goldstone

Haematite
Haematite is a grey iron oxide. The name Haematite is derived from the Greek for blood, as when cut exhibits a reddish hue. Beneficial for blood disorders, high temperatures and fevers.

Haematite

Jade
Named by the Spanish conquistadores 'piedra de ijada' meaning hip stone and worn on the hip to prevent kidney diseases. The two most common forms are Jadeite and Nephrite. Many colours are available, but the most popular is green. Attracts good luck, friendship and promotes wisdom.

Jade

Jasper
A deep red-brown form of quartz often mottled in appearance. Traditionally used by healers to assist in making a diagnosis. Aids liver, bladder and stomach problems. It soothes the nerves and will even protect the wearer from the influences of witchcraft.

Jasper

Labradorite
Labradorite is a feldspar mineral, which shows a play of colour called labradorescence, which results in spectacular colour changes. 'The stone of destiny' which help the wearer find their path in life.
Labradorite

Lapis Lazuli
This stone often contains golden flecks of pyrite (iron sulphide). These golden flecks on the deep blue matrix of the stone resemble a clear star studded sky and thus the stone was known as 'The Night Stone'. Its rich blue colour made it a favourite with royalty. Lapis alleviates depression, relieves heart and spleen problems. A lovely delicate stone the deserves care from its wearer, as it is sensitive to hot water and cosmetics.
Lapiz Lazuli

Larimar
Larimar is a rare blue variety of pectolite found only in the Dominican Republic, named after the discoverers daughter, 'Larissa' and the Spanish word 'Mar' for sea. Brings inspiration, imagination and understanding.
Larimar

Leopardskin Rhyolite
An igneous rock available in a multitude of patterns, dependant on it formation, usually occurring in brown, reddish and beige colours. It is believed to be a strengthening stone and helps the body’s natural defence against infections and skin conditions.

Leopardskin Rhyolite

Malachite
A beautiful green stone, exhibiting layers with dark and light, often concentric banding. It is in fact a major copper ore, with substantial deposits presently being mined in Zaire and Zambia. When worn it raises the spirits and induces a general feeling of happiness. It is believed to alleviate asthmatic problems and toothache. During Medieval times those who wore Malachite were said to be protected from the power of witches. The stone afforded special protection for children.

Malachite

Merlinite
Merlinite has psilomelane elements to it and is only found in New Mexico. This stone is believed to bring magic into your life.

Merlinite

Moonstone
This is a silicate stone containing aluminium and potassium and appears to have a milky sheen, with the best stones possessing a bluish hue. Moonstone is known as a feminine stone and assists with gentleness, receptivity, and intuition.
Moonstone

Mother of Pearl
a smooth, shining, iridescent, organic substance forming the inner layer of the shell of some molluscs. This stone heightens intuition, sensitivity, and imagination and it is said to be a particularly potent stone for the protection of children.
Mother of pearl

Onyx
Onyx, a form of chalcedony, is often artificially coloured jet black. It aids concentration and self-control, whilst also balancing male and female polarities.
Onyx

Opal
This is a hydrated silica and is found in the veins and cavities of igneous or sedimentary rock. It is thought Opal can help with lung conditions, as well as connect the wearer with a higher self, promote loyalty and help calm tempers.

Opal

Paua Shell
Paua shell is formed from the inner nacreous shell of molluscs. It is the Maori name for edible sea snails. Paua shell is thought to strengthen and soothe the body, particularly helping with fertility and nurturing.
Paua Shell

Pearl
Pearls can be natural or cultured and appear in creamy and champagne colours. Cultured pearls are not imitation, but a natural product which has been produced with mans help. A minute foreign body is introduced into the mollusc, which responds by coating it in layers of nacre to create a pearl. The greater the layers of nacre, the better quality the pearl. Pearls are believed to harmonise the wearer with the natural world.
Pearl

Peridot
This is a silicate gemstone containing magnesium and iron, the deeper the green, the smaller the amount of iron present. Peridot can aid digestive problems and improve friendships.

Peridot

Prehnite
Prehnite is a phyllosilicate of calcium and aluminium. This stone is thought to help enhance dreams and memory.
Prehnite

Rhodochrosite
Rhodochrosite is a manganese carbonate mineral, it is typically a rose-red colour, but impurities can be shades of pink to pale brown. It was first recorded in the silver mines of Romania, but can be found all over the world. It is often associated with silver deposits and a few silver mines produce rhodochrosite as a by product. Manganese carbonate is extremely destructive to the amalgamation process used in the concentration of silver ores, and so until it became highly sought after by collectors, they were often discarded on the mine dump. The word Rhodochrosite comes from the Geek Rhodon (Rose) and Chroma (Colour); it is also sometimes called 'Rosa de Inca', 'Inca Rose' or 'Rosinca' as the Incas believed Rhodochrosite was the blood of the ancestral rulers turned to stone. The pink banded stone is believed to help prevent emotional traumas and helps build courage and acceptance.

Rhodochrosite

Rose Quartz
A popular semi-precious stone, consisting of quartz with traces of titanium. It is known as 'The Venus Stone', as it promotes love and friendship and makes the wearer more receptive to beauty. When worn, emotions are calmed inducing a feeling of inner peace and increasing self-confidence.
Rose Quartz

Ruby
Ruby is the red variety of Corrundum, the second hardest naturally occurring mineral. It is a powerful stone, balancing mind, body and spirit. It symbolises love and marriage, thus often figures in engagement rings. it improves confidence and aid initiative.
Ruby

Sapphire
Sapphire is a blue variety of Corrundum, the second hardest naturally occurring mineral. The main sapphire-bearing rocks are marbles and basaltic lavas. Oriental monarchs wore sapphires believing them to be a defense against all harm. Sapphire is the stone of friendship, truth and wisdom. It induces peace of mind and brings good fortune. It relieves insomnia and nervous disorders

Sapphire

Smoky Quartz
A stone of the crystalline quartz family which appears in dark smoky brown to black shades. Smoky Quartz is believed to discourage negative energy and give good luck.
Smoky Quartz

Snowflake Obsidian
Snowflake Obsidian, a volcanic rock, composed of silicon dioxide and mostly found in Mexico. It is thought to be good for detoxification and can also help with skin ailments.
Snowflake Obsidian

Sodalite
This stone is dark blue aluminium silicate interspersed with white calcite, found in Brazil. It encourages self-esteem and trust in others, fostering companionship.

Sodalite

Tanzanite
Tanzanite is a zoisite mineral, found in the foothills of Mount Kilimanjaro, in Tanzania. It was introduced to the jewellery trade by New York jewellers Tiffany & Co. The stone 
helps to achieve goals by promoting strength and leadership.

Tanzanite

Tiger’s Eye
A quartz mineral in which the crystals are needle-like and reflect the light to give an appearance of a tiger eye. This stone can help relieve asthma as well and encourage clear thinking.

Tiger’s Eye

Topaz
This stone is an aluminium silicate and comes in various colours but most often found in shades of blue. Topaz is believed to calm nerves, bring tranquillity to the wearer and also help with blood circulation.

Topaz

Tourmaline
Tourmaline is a complex silicate stone containing aluminium and boron with colours ranging widely from green to pink. The stone can enhance inspiration and strengthen the will to take on new challenges.
Tourmaline

Turquoise
This stone has a vivid sky blue or green-blue colour, often containing grey or brown veins. It has been highly valued by many cultures. The Turks, after whom the stone is named, attached Turquoise to their horses bridles for protection. The Native Americans believed the stone to be 'the breath of life', symbolising the sky and reminding humans of their spirituality. When worn it strengthens the entire anatomy, brings wisdom and attract friendship. It brings happiness and luck, especially when given as a gift.
Turquoise

Unakite
Unakite is a combination of red jasper and green epidote solidly bound together. The stone is said to lift spirits and help with depression. It can also help with self-esteem and great love.
Unakite

Variscite
It is sometimes confused with turquoise; however, variscite is usually greener in colour. Variscite is said to bring peace and harmony, and relieves stress.

Variscite Stone

All Outrage Jewellers’ information has been sourced from an assortment of books, people, places and knowledge collected over many years. Please note this information is not meant to be treated as medical advice. If you have any queries or want more information please contact us and we can dig deeper!